Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali Prehistoric Online
Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali Prehistoric Online
Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali Prehistoric Online
Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali Prehistoric Online
Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali Prehistoric Online
Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali Prehistoric Online

Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali

$29.95

Availability: Only 1 left in stock

SKU: or-stony-chergach

Chergach meteorite
Type: Chondrite H5
Find: July 2, 2007
TKW: 100kg
Country: Tombouctou, Mali
Weight: 0.947g

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Chergach meteorites originate from a significant meteorite fall that occurred on July 2, 2007, in the Chergach region of Mauritania, North Africa. The fall was witnessed by locals and reported to authorities, leading to the recovery of numerous meteorite fragments from the impact site. The Chergach meteorite fall is notable for several reasons, including its relatively recent occurrence and the abundance of recovered specimens.

 

Chergach meteorites belong to the H5-6 group, indicating their classification based on mineralogical and chemical composition. They are composed mainly of olivine, pyroxene, and nickel-iron metal, with characteristic chondrules—rounded mineral grains formed by rapid cooling in the early solar system. The presence of these chondrules suggests that Chergach meteorites are ordinary chondrites, one of the most common types of meteorites found on Earth.

The Chergach meteorite fall generated significant scientific interest due to the freshness of the specimens. Unlike meteorites that have been weathered by exposure to Earth’s atmosphere over extended periods, Chergach meteorites offer researchers the opportunity to study pristine extraterrestrial material. By analyzing these specimens, scientists can gain insights into the composition, formation, and evolution of the early solar system.

In addition to their scientific significance, Chergach meteorites have attracted attention from collectors and enthusiasts. Their relatively large size and abundance make them accessible to a wide range of individuals interested in meteorites. Numerous Chergach specimens have found their way into private collections and museums around the world, contributing to public awareness and appreciation of meteorite science.

Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali

The Chergach meteorite fall also serves as a reminder of the dynamic nature of our solar system. Meteorite falls occur regularly, with thousands of tons of extraterrestrial material entering Earth’s atmosphere each year. While most meteorites go unnoticed, events like the Chergach fall provide opportunities for scientists and enthusiasts to study these fascinating objects up close.

Stony Meteorites: Witness to Stellar Birth

Comprising approximately 95% of all meteorite falls, stony meteorites, as the name suggests, are primarily composed of silicate minerals. Within this group, there are further subdivisions based on mineral composition and texture, such as chondrites, achondrites, and carbonaceous chondrites.

Chondrites: Among the most common type of meteorites, chondrites are primitive remnants of the early solar system, dating back over 4.5 billion years. They contain small spherical structures called chondrules, which are believed to have formed in the protoplanetary disk around the young Sun. These chondrules are composed of minerals like olivine and pyroxene, encapsulating the conditions of the nascent solar system. The study of chondrites provides valuable information about the processes of planetary accretion and differentiation.

Chergach meteorite, Chondrite H5, Mali

Achondrites: Unlike chondrites, achondrites lack chondrules and exhibit evidence of igneous processing, indicating that they originated from larger planetary bodies with internal differentiation. These meteorites often resemble terrestrial rocks, with mineral compositions similar to basalts and gabbros found on Earth. Achondrites are thought to originate from the crust or mantle of differentiated bodies such as asteroids or even Mars. By analyzing the mineralogy and isotopic signatures of achondrites, scientists gain insights into the geological history and differentiation processes of planetary bodies beyond Earth.

Carbonaceous Chondrites: Renowned for their high carbon content and volatile-rich composition, carbonaceous chondrites are among the most primitive meteorites, containing complex organic molecules and water-bearing minerals. These meteorites offer tantalizing clues about the conditions that prevailed in the early solar system, including the delivery of water and prebiotic molecules to Earth. Scientists believe that carbonaceous chondrites may have played a crucial role in seeding the primordial Earth with the necessary ingredients for life.

Iron Meteorites: Relics of Cosmic Cores

Comprising about 5% of meteorite falls, iron meteorites stand out for their high iron and nickel content, often accompanied by traces of other elements like cobalt and phosphorus. These meteorites are remnants of the cores of differentiated bodies such as asteroids or protoplanets, where intense heat and pressure led to the segregation of metallic alloys.

Octahedrites: Characterized by a distinctive crystalline structure known as a Widmanstätten pattern, octahedrites are the most common type of iron meteorites. This pattern forms as a result of slow cooling over millions of years within the core of a planetary body, allowing nickel-iron crystals to grow into elongated shapes. The presence of the Widmanstätten pattern serves as a signature of extraterrestrial origin and provides insights into the cooling rates and thermal histories of parent bodies.

Hexahedrites: Unlike octahedrites, hexahedrites exhibit a cubic crystal structure and are relatively rare compared to their octahedral counterparts. These meteorites likely formed under different cooling conditions within the cores of larger asteroids or protoplanets. The study of hexahedrites helps scientists understand the diversity of parent bodies in the early solar system and the processes that governed their differentiation.

Ataxites: Ataxites represent a minor subclass of iron meteorites characterized by their high nickel content and lack of a distinct crystalline structure. These meteorites likely originated from the outer regions of planetary cores, where nickel concentrations were higher. The study of ataxites provides valuable information about the chemical composition and thermal evolution of parent bodies, offering clues about the conditions prevailing in the early solar system.

Stony-Iron Meteorites: Bridging the Divide

Stony-iron meteorites, as the name implies, represent a hybrid of stony and iron compositions, with roughly equal proportions of silicate minerals and metallic alloys. These meteorites are thought to originate from the boundary regions between a differentiated body’s mantle and core, where material mixing occurred due to impacts or geological processes.

Pallasites: Gem embedded Nickel Iron:

Pallasites: Pallasites are one of the most visually striking meteorite types, characterized by their beautiful olivine crystals embedded in a metallic matrix. These meteorites likely formed at the interface between the core and mantle of differentiated bodies, where molten metal percolated through fractures and filled cavities within the silicate matrix. The study of pallasites provides insights into the dynamics of core-mantle interactions and the mixing of materials in the early solar system.

Mesosiderites: Mesosiderites are stony-iron meteorites composed of roughly equal parts of silicate minerals and metallic alloys. Unlike pallasites, which exhibit a distinct separation of metal and silicate phases, mesosiderites show evidence of intense brecciation and mixing, indicating violent processes within the parent body. These meteorites likely originated from the crust or mantle of large differentiated bodies, where impacts or tectonic activity led to the commingling of materials.

IAB Irons: IAB iron meteorites represent a transitional group between iron and stony-iron meteorites, exhibiting a mixture of metallic alloys and silicate inclusions. These meteorites often contain complex textures and mineral compositions, suggesting a heterogeneous parent body with a history of geological activity and differentiation. The study of IAB irons provides valuable insights into the processes of planetary formation and differentiation in the early solar system.

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Weight 5 oz
Dimensions 6 × 5 × 3 in
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