Rugosa fossilized Horn Coral Prehistoric Online
Rugosa fossilized Horn Coral Prehistoric Online
Rugosa fossilized Horn Coral Prehistoric Online
Rugosa fossilized Horn Coral Prehistoric Online
Rugosa fossilized Horn Coral Prehistoric Online
Rugosa fossilized Horn Coral Prehistoric Online

Rugosa fossilized Horn Coral

$250.00

Availability: Only 1 left in stock


SKU: 0r-rugosa-10

Rugosa Horn Coral

Fossil Rugosa

Location: Kansas

Age: Appox 300 MYO

Dimension: 7 3/4 inches

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Rugosa fossilized Horn Coral

Rugosa horn corals are an extinct group of marine organisms that thrived primarily during the Paleozoic era, spanning from the Ordovician to the Permian period, approximately 485 to 251 million years ago. These solitary or colonial corals were important reef-builders and contributors to the biodiversity of ancient seas.

Characterized by their distinctive horn-shaped skeleton, Rugosa corals belonged to the class Anthozoa, which also includes modern-day corals and sea anemones. Their skeletons were composed of calcium carbonate, forming a robust, often horn-shaped structure that provided support and protection for the soft coral polyps residing within.

These corals were widespread and diverse, adapting to various environmental conditions and evolving into numerous species. Fossilized remains of Rugosa corals are found in sedimentary rocks worldwide, offering valuable insights into past marine ecosystems. Their abundance in the fossil record aids paleontologists in dating and correlating rock formations, providing a timeline of Earth’s geological history.

The extinction of Rugosa corals occurred during the end-Permian mass extinction event, one of the most significant biodiversity crises in Earth’s history. Factors such as climate change, oceanic anoxia, and the effects of volcanic activity are believed to have contributed to their decline. Studying fossilized Rugosa horn corals contributes to our understanding of ancient marine environments and the dynamics that shaped the evolutionary history of these intriguing organisms.

Weight 15 oz
Dimensions 7 × 6 × 4 in

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